WFM icon FieldMonitor: Controls copyright © 2018 Adam J. Wilt  
 
A wireless video monitor for iPhone
 
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This page describes FieldMonitor version 5.0 and later. Earlier versions are similar but lack some controls and/or have similar controls with different names.

Source Screen

Settings menu

Tapping Settings on the Source screen displays the Settings menu:

SYSTEM SETTINGS

 CONTROL SETTINGS

 CAMERA OPTIONS

TERADEK OPTIONS


Monitor Screen

Display settings - Hide panelHide adjusts which onscreen elements are hidden when the screen is tapped. Use screen taps  to quickly declutter the screen or toggle focus assist, ’scopes, false-color, the current LUT, and/or markers. Screen taps only hide or show elements that are already turned on: the current ’scope(s), the current markers, etc. So, for example, if you have all markers turned off in the Mark controls, a screen tap won’t turn them on, and a screen tap only hides and shows a ’scope if that ’scope is already enabled. By default, two sets of onscreen controls are affected by screen taps:

Display settings - Scope panelScope controls the engineering ’scopes: their types, layout, and display options.

Marker controlsMark controls image markers: framelines, masks, grids, center marker, and a custom crosshair.

Marker colors

Image controlsImage controls focus assist (camera sources only, not Teradeks) and image geometry.

Level and LUT controlsLevel (only available for camera sources) is used to apply monitoring LUTs and to adjust FieldMonitor for Panasonic image levels.

See About Luma Levels for more details.


False Color controls

Camera Controls

Panasonic and Sony Wi-Fi cameras are supported with a basic set of onscreen controls for exposure, color, focus, and zoom. By default, tapping the screen hides the controls; tapping again brings the controls back (you can turn this off in the Hide settings). Depending on the camera’s operating mode and on-camera settings, different controls will be shown at different times, and the available control options will change. If Camera Controls are turned off in Settings, camera controls will be visible, but not adjustable.

FieldMonitor with camera controls

When the Wi-Fi network is congested or the signal is weak, camera commands can be delayed or dropped. If “network timeout” appears onscreen, it is likely that commands won’t get through. Wait until “network timeout” disappears before trying to control the camera. If you frequently see “network timeout”, try some of the networking fixes discussed on the support page.


About Luma Levels

Sony cameras always record video clips with levels ranging from 0% to 109%, and FieldMonitor’s ’scopes are calibrated to that range. Sony’s HDMI output is also always 0%–109% when recording video, and in standby when the camera is in movie mode. In still-photo mode, the HDMI range is from -7% to 109%, but it changes to 0%–109% as soon as you start recording. FieldMonitor’s ’scopes  always display the image in the 0%–109% range, so that the ’scopes can be used for previewing video levels regardless of what mode the camera is in.

For Panasonics, things are considerably more complicated...

Panasonic video can be encoded with a variety of “Luminance Levels”, spanning different numerical ranges within their 8-bit (or 10-bit) signals. For example, an 8-bit “full swing” signal records black at a level of 0 and white at a level of 255, just like a JPEG image does. A “studio swing” signal puts black at a level of 16 and white at 235, the black and white levels of a Rec.709 video signal. It's also common to find “extended range” signals with black at 16 and white at 255.

In 10-bit modes, 0–255 translates to 0–1020 or 0–1023; 16–235 is 64–940; and 16–255 is 64–1020 or 64–1023 (Panasonic displays it as 1023 in the GH5’s menus). FieldMonitor always uses 8-bit terminology regardless of how your camera is set up.

Panasonics default to Luminance Levels 16-255 when recording video. If your camera does not have a Luminance Levels setting, it uses 16-255.

Cameras like the GH4 and GH5 offer all three choices when set to MOV format. In AVCHD or MP4 modes, only 16–235 and 16–255 are available; in V-Log L only 0–255 is used. Other cameras like the G7 offer 0–255 and 16-255 options.

When shooting stills, and (usually, but not always) when in Creative Video Mode but not recording, the camera uses 0–255.

Are we having fun yet?

Unfortunately, Panasonics don’t tell Wi-Fi apps which Luminance Levels are in use. In addition, the camera’s images transmitted over Wi-Fi will use different levels settings in standby and in record, and those levels will vary depending on whether the camera is in Creative Video Mode and whether it’s feeding video over an HDMI connection—and the camera doesn't communicate that information, either. Instead, you have to manually set FieldMonitor to match how your camera is set up (yes, this is an annoying, confusing hassle: I'm sorry, but there’s nothing I can do to fix it other than to give you manual controls).

FieldMonitor offers four luma ranges in its Levels settings, so that the measurements made in standby match those made while recording. These settings tell FieldMonitor how to adjust the Wi-Fi image so that its levels—and those of the ’scopes and false-color displays—are always correct:

In addition, you use two switches to tell FieldMonitor whether the camera is in Creative Video Mode (the mode-dial setting with the movie camera), and whether or not you’re feeding live images out HDMI.

If the settings on the camera and in FieldMonitor don’t match, image brightness and contrast, ’scopes, and false-color overlay will change when you go from standby into record or vice versa. (You can test your settings by aiming the camera at a high-contrast scene with clipped whites and deep blacks and watching the WFM as you start and stop recording: the highest and lowest levels seen on the WFM will not change when going between STBY and REC if FieldMonitor is set properly).

If you're worried about mistakes, set any of FieldMonitor’s ranges other than Legal. The ’scopes and false-color will be correct whenever the camera is in record mode (though they may be incorrect in standby mode) and they'll show you exactly what levels are being recorded or sent out HDMI.


About LUTs

FieldMonitor has several built-in LUTs:

These LUTs are designed for contrasty, colorful monitoring with a standard response curve:

All these LUTs were built in LUTCalc. If you rate your camera at a lower EI, overexposing log to reduce noise, you may want to build custom versions of these LUTs with an EI shift to compensate:

One additional LUT is supplied for backwards compatibility with older versions of FieldMonitor:

This is Panasonic's standard V-Log LUT. It’s a lower contrast, lower saturation LUT designed more as a starting point for grading than for monitoring.

LUTCalc transfer curves:

LUTCalc curve: HLG to V709 BBC LUTCalc curve: HLG to V709 NHK LUTCalc curve: S-Log2 to 709 LUTCalc curve: S-Log3 to 709 LUTCalc curve: V-Log to 709 LUTCalc curve: V-Log to V709

More LUTs

Sony Standard S-Log3 LUTs — download them (1.7 MB)

These are the standard S-Log3 LUTs, rebuilt for FieldMonitor using LUTCalc. They work better than the Sony-supplied LUTs as (a) the Sony LUTs are MLUTS expecting an output range of 100%, not 109%, and (b) the stock Cine+709 .cube files are too big to import into FieldMonitor.

LUTCalc transfer curves:

LUTCalc curve: S-Log3 to LC709 LUTCalc curve: S-Log3 to 709 LUTCalc curve: S-Log3 to Cine+709

More Info


About Sony Remote Control Types

Different Sonys have different ways of providing remote control over Wi-Fi: Smart Remote, or Ctrl w/ Smartphone. The following descriptions are accurate for the cameras I have tested, but other cameras may behave somewhat differently.

“Smart Remote” cameras use an on-camera app for remote control, either Smart Remote Embedded (installed by default) or Smart Remote Control (a free download from the PlayMemories Camera App store). “Smart Remote” cameras include the A5100, A6300, A6500, A7ii, A7Rii, A7S, and A7Sii.

You start remote control by launching the Smart Remote apps from the camera's Application List menu. The app takes over the camera and provides a limited subset of the camera's functions while it runs. For example:

When Smart Remote Embedded is used, the only camera adjustment you get over Wi-Fi is exposure compensation (you can still control shutter, iris, ISO, and white balance on the camera itself and see these readouts in FieldMonitor, but the only remote adjustment you have is exposure compensation). Smart Remote Embedded does not send storage space or battery level data over Wi-Fi, so you have to look at the camera's monitor for that information.

When Smart Remote Control is installed, you can adjust shutter, iris, ISO, and white balance remotely. Smart Remote Control sends storage space and battery level data over Wi-Fi, and FieldMonitor displays that information at the top of the picture.

“Ctrl w/ Smartphone” cameras have remote control as part of the camera firmware. There is no Application List menu, and camera apps can’t be installed. Ctrl w/ Smartphone cameras include the A7iii, A7Riii, A9, and A99ii.

You start remote control using the “Ctrl w/ Smartphone” submenu in the camera’s Wireless or Network menu. While remote control is running:

Ctrl w/ Smartphone cameras let you adjust shutter, iris, ISO, and white balance remotely. However, no storage space or battery info is sent over Wi-Fi, so you must look at the camera’s monitor for this information.


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© 2018 Adam J. Wilt.  Last updated 2018.11.27